Embajada en Alemania

Origin of the sovereignty dispute

Once order had been restored in Puerto Soledad, a British Royal Navy corvette, with the support of another warship in the vicinity, threatened to use greater force and demanded the surrender and handover of the settlement. After the expulsion of the Argentine authorities and population, in 1834 the British government assigned a Navy officer to remain in the islands and only in 1841 did it decide to "colonise" the Malvinas Islands and appoint a "governor".

The act of force of 1833, carried out in peacetime without prior communication or declaration by a government friendly to the Argentine Republic, was immediately rejected and protested against. On 16 January 1833, when news of the events in the Malvinas Islands reached Buenos Aires, the Argentine government demanded explanations from the British Chargé d´Affaires who was unaware of the actions carried out by vessels of his country. On 22 January the Minister of Foreign Affairs presented a protestation to the British government official, which was renewed and extended on repeated occasions by the Argentine representative in London. The Argentine presentations were rejected by the British government.

The issue remained unsettled and was recognised as such by the British Foreign Secretary in 1849. Meanwhile Argentina continued to present the issue at different levels of government and it became a subject of debate in the Argentine Congress. In 1884, at the lack of response to the protests, Argentina proposed to submit the issue to international arbitration, which was also rejected by the United Kingdom without any reason being given.

From that time on, the Argentine Republic made repeated demands formulating the relevant protests whenever it had notice of British actions contradicting its sovereignty over the Malvinas Islands, South Georgia and South Sandwich and the surrounding maritime spaces not only bilaterally but also in different multilateral fora, including the United Nations and the Organisation of American States, thus promoting the adoption of resolutions calling on both Parties to settle the controversy and of declarations in support of the Argentine position.

 

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